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中華思想文化術語81條 (古文今譯,中文英譯),是中國國家教育部推出的一項重點圖書工程。“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”(以下簡稱“工程”)的設立旨在梳理反映中國傳統文化特征和民族思維方式、體現中國核心價值的思想文化術語,用易于口頭表達、交流的簡練語言客觀准確地予以诠釋,在政府機構、社會組織、傳播媒體等對外交往活動中,傳播好中國聲音,講好中國故事,讓世界更多了解中國國情、曆史和文化(http://www.xinhuanet.com/book/zhuanti/zhsxwh/zt1.htm)。

“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”專家委員會及學術委員會,成員由哲學、文學、藝術、史學和海外漢學等學科領域具有國際影響力的知名專家學者擔任。 美國書畫藝術研究院顧問兼藝術評論委員會主任 于文濤先生作為專家委員會成員,參與了其英文終審工作。美國書畫藝術研究院 經授權在美國獨家發布(將陸續登出)

“Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture (81 pieces)” is an important Book Project disseminated by Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China. The setting of “Disseminating Key Concepts in Chinese Thoughts and Culture Project” aims to organize key concepts which can reflect the features of Chinese classical culture and the way of national thinking, and can perform Chinese core values, explain and translate objectively and accurately in concise language which is easy to exchange verbally. By this way, chinese voice and stories will be disseminated in international exchanges, that the condition and history of China will be known better by people in the world.

The specialists committee of the project consist of international well-known specialists and scholars. Senior adviser and Art Review Commission of America Arts Research Institute (AARI), Mr. Yu Wentao took part in the review for the final English version. With the authorization, AARI is going to publish the 81 pieces of Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture here.

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Author Topic: 20, 封建,Feudal System
caaausar

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Post 20, 封建,Feudal System
on: November 5, 2015, 13:45
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封建,fengjian (Feudal System)

即封邦建国。古代帝王将爵位、土地和人口分封给亲戚或功臣,让他们在封底内建国。各封国的规模小于王室的直辖领地,军、政自成体系,封国之间相互制衡,拱卫王室。作为一种政治制度,封建制相传始于黄帝时期,至西周时期达于完备。秦至清,中央集权制或专制帝制居于主导地位,而封建制则成为一种辅助性制度。

Under this system, ancient monarchs granted titles of nobility, land, and people to their relatives and officials of merit, allowing them to establish dukedoms. Each territory was smaller than that under the direct control of the monarch, and had its own military and administrative systems. All dukedoms checked each other while protecting the monarch together. As a political scheme, the feudal system is believed to have started in the era of the legendary Yellow Emperor, and became established in the Western Zhou Dynasty. In more than 2000 years from the Qin Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, centralized government or imperial autocracy was dominant, rendering the feudal system supplementary.

例句 Examples:

彼封建者,更古圣王尧、舜、禹、汤、文、武而莫能去之。(柳宗元《封建论》)
(封建制经历了上古的圣贤之王尧、舜、禹、商汤、周文王、周武王也没有能废除它。)
Feudal system survived the eras of all ancient sages, namely Yao, Shun, Yu the Great, Tang of Shang, King Wen of Zhou, and King Wu of Zhou. (Liu Zongyuan: On Feudal System)

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