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中華思想文化術語81條 (古文今譯,中文英譯),是中國國家教育部推出的一項重點圖書工程。“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”(以下簡稱“工程”)的設立旨在梳理反映中國傳統文化特征和民族思維方式、體現中國核心價值的思想文化術語,用易于口頭表達、交流的簡練語言客觀准確地予以诠釋,在政府機構、社會組織、傳播媒體等對外交往活動中,傳播好中國聲音,講好中國故事,讓世界更多了解中國國情、曆史和文化(http://www.xinhuanet.com/book/zhuanti/zhsxwh/zt1.htm)。

“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”專家委員會及學術委員會,成員由哲學、文學、藝術、史學和海外漢學等學科領域具有國際影響力的知名專家學者擔任。 美國書畫藝術研究院顧問兼藝術評論委員會主任 于文濤先生作為專家委員會成員,參與了其英文終審工作。美國書畫藝術研究院 經授權在美國獨家發布(將陸續登出)

“Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture (81 pieces)” is an important Book Project disseminated by Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China. The setting of “Disseminating Key Concepts in Chinese Thoughts and Culture Project” aims to organize key concepts which can reflect the features of Chinese classical culture and the way of national thinking, and can perform Chinese core values, explain and translate objectively and accurately in concise language which is easy to exchange verbally. By this way, chinese voice and stories will be disseminated in international exchanges, that the condition and history of China will be known better by people in the world.

The specialists committee of the project consist of international well-known specialists and scholars. Senior adviser and Art Review Commission of America Arts Research Institute (AARI), Mr. Yu Wentao took part in the review for the final English version. With the authorization, AARI is going to publish the 81 pieces of Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture here.

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Author Topic: 28, 人治, Rule by Man
caaausar

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Post 28, 人治, Rule by Man
on: November 5, 2015, 19:43
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人治, ren zhi (Rule by Man)

通过规范人伦关系、道德观念和其他价值系统来治理国家和民众(与“法治”相对),是中国古代儒家政治哲学中最重要的治国理念。这种理念强调人在政治中的根本地位和作用,希望君主具备圣贤的人格,选择有道德和有才干的人治理国家,教育和感化臣民。在中国历史上,这种治国理念通常伴随着一个理想的期待,即实现君、臣、民三者之间的和谐相处,也就是“仁政”。

Rule by man, as opposed to rule by law, is the most important ruling concept in the Confucian political philosophy in ancient China. It calls for ruling a state and its people through orderly human relations, moral standards, and other value systems. Rule by man emphasizes the fundamental role and importance of people in conducting political affairs. It emphasizes that a ruler should have a lofty and noble character, select competent officials with integrity to run the state, and educate and influence the general public. In Chinese history, this concept of governance was designed to achieve a harmonious relationship between the sovereign, his officials, and his subjects, which meant “benevolent governance”.

例句 Examples:

人治所以正人。(《礼记·大传》郑玄注)
(人治就是用来规范人伦关系的。)
Rule by man aims to regulate human relations. (Zheng Xuan: Annotations on The Book of Rites)

情性者,人治之本,礼乐所由生也。(王充《论衡·本性》)
(人治究其根本在于治理人的情感和欲望,而这也是制定礼乐的原因和依据。)
Rule by man, in the final analysis, is to regulate human emotions and desires; it is the reason and basis for developing social norms and music education. (Wang Chong: A Comparative Study of Different Schools of Learning)

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