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中華思想文化術語81條 (古文今譯,中文英譯),是中國國家教育部推出的一項重點圖書工程。“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”(以下簡稱“工程”)的設立旨在梳理反映中國傳統文化特征和民族思維方式、體現中國核心價值的思想文化術語,用易于口頭表達、交流的簡練語言客觀准確地予以诠釋,在政府機構、社會組織、傳播媒體等對外交往活動中,傳播好中國聲音,講好中國故事,讓世界更多了解中國國情、曆史和文化(http://www.xinhuanet.com/book/zhuanti/zhsxwh/zt1.htm)。

“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”專家委員會及學術委員會,成員由哲學、文學、藝術、史學和海外漢學等學科領域具有國際影響力的知名專家學者擔任。 美國書畫藝術研究院顧問兼藝術評論委員會主任 于文濤先生作為專家委員會成員,參與了其英文終審工作。美國書畫藝術研究院 經授權在美國獨家發布(將陸續登出)

“Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture (81 pieces)” is an important Book Project disseminated by Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China. The setting of “Disseminating Key Concepts in Chinese Thoughts and Culture Project” aims to organize key concepts which can reflect the features of Chinese classical culture and the way of national thinking, and can perform Chinese core values, explain and translate objectively and accurately in concise language which is easy to exchange verbally. By this way, chinese voice and stories will be disseminated in international exchanges, that the condition and history of China will be known better by people in the world.

The specialists committee of the project consist of international well-known specialists and scholars. Senior adviser and Art Review Commission of America Arts Research Institute (AARI), Mr. Yu Wentao took part in the review for the final English version. With the authorization, AARI is going to publish the 81 pieces of Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture here.

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Author Topic: 33, 体性, Style and Temperament
caaausar

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Post 33, 体性, Style and Temperament
on: November 9, 2015, 15:40
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体性, tixing (Style and Temperament)

作品风格与作者个性的统一与结合。是关于文学风格的重要术语。“体”是文章风格,“性”指作者个性因素。源出于刘勰《文心雕龙·体性》,该文分析了作者个性特点与文章风格有着内在的关联,文如其人。这启发了后人从作者个性着眼去分析文学作品不同的风格类型,奠定了中国古代文学风格论的基本思想。

This is an important term about literary style that stresses the unity and integration of the style of writings with the temperaments of their authors. The term originated from Liu Xie’s The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons. One chapter of the book discusses how the styles of writings are related to the temperaments of the writers, and argues that the writings truly reflect the temperaments of their authors. This has encouraged later generations to analyze different styles of literary works based on the author’s temperaments and became a basic line of thought on ancient Chinese literary style.

例句 Examples:

夫情动而言形,理发而文见。盖沿隐以至显,因内而符外者也。然才有庸俊,气有刚柔,学有浅深,习有雅郑;并情性所铄,陶染所凝,是以笔区云谲,文苑波诡者矣。(刘勰《文心雕龙·体性》)
(情感激发而形成语言,道理表达便体现为文章。也就是将隐藏在内心的情和理逐渐彰显、由内至外的过程。不过人的才华有平凡和杰出之分,气禀有阳刚与阴柔之别,学识有浅深之异,习性有雅正和鄙俗之差。这些都是由人的先天情性所造就,并受后天的熏陶积聚而成,所以他们的创作奇谲如风云变幻,文章诡秘似海涛翻转。)
When emotions stir, they take the form of language. When ideas emerge, they are expressed in writings. Thus the obscure becomes manifest and the internal feelings pour into the open. However, talent may be mediocre or outstanding, temperament masculine or feminine, learning deep or shallow, upbringing refined or vulgar. All this results from differences in nature and nurture.Hence the unusual cloud-like variations in the realm of writing and the mysterious wave-like undulations in the garden of literature. (Liu Xie: The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons)

故性格清彻者音调自然宣畅,性格舒徐者音调自然疏缓,旷达者自然浩荡,雄迈者自然壮烈,沉郁者自然悲酸,古怪者自然奇绝。有是格,便有是调,皆情性自然之谓也。莫不有情,莫不有性,而可以一律求之哉?(李贽《读律肤说》)
(所以那些性情开朗透明的人所作诗的音律自然直接流畅,性情迟缓的人所作诗的音律自然疏朗宽缓,性情旷达的人所作诗的音律自然磊落浩荡,性情雄奇豪迈的人所作诗的音律自然强劲壮烈,性情沉郁的人所作诗的音律自然悲凉酸楚,性情古怪的人所作诗的音律自然不同寻常。有什么性情,便有什么音律,这都是个性气质所自然决定的。人人莫不有情感,莫不有个性,怎么可以用一个音律标准去要求所有的诗歌呢?)
So it is natural that those with an open and easy-going temperament create poems with tonal rhythms that are direct, smooth, and easy to understand; those with a slow temperament write in relaxed tonal rhythms; those with a broad mind, magnificent and uninhibited; those with a heroic character, powerful and gallant; those with a depressed personality, sad and miserable; those with a weird temperament, out of the ordinary. Temperament decides the tonal rhythms of an author’s writings. People have their own emotions and personalities. How can all the poems be judged by the same standard for tonal rhythms? (Li Zhi: My Understanding of Poetic Genre)

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