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中華思想文化術語81條 (古文今譯,中文英譯),是中國國家教育部推出的一項重點圖書工程。“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”(以下簡稱“工程”)的設立旨在梳理反映中國傳統文化特征和民族思維方式、體現中國核心價值的思想文化術語,用易于口頭表達、交流的簡練語言客觀准確地予以诠釋,在政府機構、社會組織、傳播媒體等對外交往活動中,傳播好中國聲音,講好中國故事,讓世界更多了解中國國情、曆史和文化(http://www.xinhuanet.com/book/zhuanti/zhsxwh/zt1.htm)。

“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”專家委員會及學術委員會,成員由哲學、文學、藝術、史學和海外漢學等學科領域具有國際影響力的知名專家學者擔任。 美國書畫藝術研究院顧問兼藝術評論委員會主任 于文濤先生作為專家委員會成員,參與了其英文終審工作。美國書畫藝術研究院 經授權在美國獨家發布(將陸續登出)

“Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture (81 pieces)” is an important Book Project disseminated by Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China. The setting of “Disseminating Key Concepts in Chinese Thoughts and Culture Project” aims to organize key concepts which can reflect the features of Chinese classical culture and the way of national thinking, and can perform Chinese core values, explain and translate objectively and accurately in concise language which is easy to exchange verbally. By this way, chinese voice and stories will be disseminated in international exchanges, that the condition and history of China will be known better by people in the world.

The specialists committee of the project consist of international well-known specialists and scholars. Senior adviser and Art Review Commission of America Arts Research Institute (AARI), Mr. Yu Wentao took part in the review for the final English version. With the authorization, AARI is going to publish the 81 pieces of Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture here.

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Author Topic: 40, 五行,Wuxing
caaausar

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Post 40, 五行,Wuxing
on: November 10, 2015, 15:18
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五行,Wuxing

“五行”有三种不同的含义:其一,指五种最基本的事物或构成万物的五种元素。《尚书·洪范》最早明确了“五行”的内容,即金、木、水、火、土。五种事物或元素有其各自的属性,彼此间存在相生相克的关系。其二,五行进一步被抽象为理解万物和世界的基本框架,万物都可以纳入到五行的范畴之中,并因此被赋予不同的性质。其三,指五种道德行为。荀子曾指责子思、孟子“按往旧造说,谓之五行”,从郭店楚墓竹简及马王堆汉墓帛书相关文字内容来看,该“五行”指仁、义、礼、智、圣。

There are three meanings to the term. 1) The five fundamental things or elements that make up all things. The Book of History was the first to define the five elements: metal, wood, water, fire, and earth. Each of these has its own prosperities and they interact in a generative or destructive relationship. 2) On a more abstract level, the term refers to the basic framework to understand the world. All things can be included in the realm of wuxing(五行) and their properties are explained or understood accordingly. 3) It refers to five kinds of moral behavior. Xunzi once criticized Zisi and Mencius for “creating wuxing on the basis of old theories”. Ancient bamboo slips unearthed from a grave at Guodian dating back t the State of Chu as well as inscribed silk texts from the Mawangdui Tomb of the Western Han Dynasty, all describe this wuxing as benevolence, righteousness,li(礼), wisdom, and the wisdom and character of a sage.

例句 Examples:

天有三辰,地有五行。(《左传·昭公三十二年》)
(天有日月星三辰,地有金木水火土五行。)
In heaven there are the sun, moon,and stars,while on earth there are the five elements: metal,wood,water,fire,and earth.(Zuo’s Commentary on The Spring and Autumn Annals)

天地之气,合而为一,分为阴阳,判为四时,列为五行。(董仲舒《春秋繁露·五行相生》)
(天地之气,聚合而为一,区别而为阴阳,分判为春夏秋冬四时,排列为金木水火土五行。)
The qi of heaven and that of earth merge into one; it evolves into yin and yang, the four season, and the five elements of metal, wood, water, fire, and earth. (Dong Zhongshu: Notes to The Spring and Autumn Annals)

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