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中華思想文化術語81條 (古文今譯,中文英譯),是中國國家教育部推出的一項重點圖書工程。“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”(以下簡稱“工程”)的設立旨在梳理反映中國傳統文化特征和民族思維方式、體現中國核心價值的思想文化術語,用易于口頭表達、交流的簡練語言客觀准確地予以诠釋,在政府機構、社會組織、傳播媒體等對外交往活動中,傳播好中國聲音,講好中國故事,讓世界更多了解中國國情、曆史和文化(http://www.xinhuanet.com/book/zhuanti/zhsxwh/zt1.htm)。

“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”專家委員會及學術委員會,成員由哲學、文學、藝術、史學和海外漢學等學科領域具有國際影響力的知名專家學者擔任。 美國書畫藝術研究院顧問兼藝術評論委員會主任 于文濤先生作為專家委員會成員,參與了其英文終審工作。美國書畫藝術研究院 經授權在美國獨家發布(將陸續登出)

“Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture (81 pieces)” is an important Book Project disseminated by Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China. The setting of “Disseminating Key Concepts in Chinese Thoughts and Culture Project” aims to organize key concepts which can reflect the features of Chinese classical culture and the way of national thinking, and can perform Chinese core values, explain and translate objectively and accurately in concise language which is easy to exchange verbally. By this way, chinese voice and stories will be disseminated in international exchanges, that the condition and history of China will be known better by people in the world.

The specialists committee of the project consist of international well-known specialists and scholars. Senior adviser and Art Review Commission of America Arts Research Institute (AARI), Mr. Yu Wentao took part in the review for the final English version. With the authorization, AARI is going to publish the 81 pieces of Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture here.

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Author Topic: 49, 知音,zhiyin (Resonance and Empathy)
caaausar

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Post 49, 知音,zhiyin (Resonance and Empathy)
on: November 30, 2015, 15:06
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知音,zhiyin (Resonance and Empathy)

体会和理解文艺作品的意蕴与作者的思想感情。原指音乐欣赏中的知己,后经魏晋南北朝时期文艺批评家的阐释,用来泛指文艺鉴赏中的心心相应、互相理解。“知音”作为文学批评的核心概念,涉及文艺创作与鉴赏中的个体差异与共性等诸多问题,有着丰富的精神蕴涵,与西方的读者反应批评理论、接受美学、解释学等基本思想有一致之处。

The term is about appreciating and understanding the ideas in literary and artistic works and the thoughts of their authors. The original meaning was feeling a sense of resonance with music. It was later extended by literary critics in the Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern dynasties to mean resonance or empathy between writers/artists and their readers/viewers. As a core concept in literary criticism, it touches upon both general and particular issues in artistic creation and appreciation, involves rich intellectual implications, and meshes with the audience’s response in Western criticism, receptive aesthetics, and hermeneutics.

例句 Examples:

是故不知声者不可与言音,不知音者不可与言乐,知乐则几于礼矣。(《礼记·乐记》)
(不懂自然声音的人无法与其谈论音律,不懂音律的人无法与其谈论音乐,通晓音乐的人也就接近懂得礼了。)
Talking about melody with someone who has no ear for natural sounds would be waste of time, and so would discussing music with someone who knows nothing about melody. One who knows music is close to understanding social norms.(The Book of Rites)

知音其难哉!音实难知,知实难逢,逢其知音,千载其一乎!(刘勰《文心雕龙·知音》)
(理解音乐是多么困难啊!音乐实在难以理解,理解音乐的人很难遇到,要遇到理解音乐的人,恐怕是千年一遇呀!)
It is such a challenge to understand music! Since music is so hard to understand, it is difficult to find people who can appreciate it. It may take a thousand years to find someone who understands music! (Liu Xie: The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons)

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