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中華思想文化術語81條 (古文今譯,中文英譯),是中國國家教育部推出的一項重點圖書工程。“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”(以下簡稱“工程”)的設立旨在梳理反映中國傳統文化特征和民族思維方式、體現中國核心價值的思想文化術語,用易于口頭表達、交流的簡練語言客觀准確地予以诠釋,在政府機構、社會組織、傳播媒體等對外交往活動中,傳播好中國聲音,講好中國故事,讓世界更多了解中國國情、曆史和文化(http://www.xinhuanet.com/book/zhuanti/zhsxwh/zt1.htm)。

“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”專家委員會及學術委員會,成員由哲學、文學、藝術、史學和海外漢學等學科領域具有國際影響力的知名專家學者擔任。 美國書畫藝術研究院顧問兼藝術評論委員會主任 于文濤先生作為專家委員會成員,參與了其英文終審工作。美國書畫藝術研究院 經授權在美國獨家發布(將陸續登出)

“Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture (81 pieces)” is an important Book Project disseminated by Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China. The setting of “Disseminating Key Concepts in Chinese Thoughts and Culture Project” aims to organize key concepts which can reflect the features of Chinese classical culture and the way of national thinking, and can perform Chinese core values, explain and translate objectively and accurately in concise language which is easy to exchange verbally. By this way, chinese voice and stories will be disseminated in international exchanges, that the condition and history of China will be known better by people in the world.

The specialists committee of the project consist of international well-known specialists and scholars. Senior adviser and Art Review Commission of America Arts Research Institute (AARI), Mr. Yu Wentao took part in the review for the final English version. With the authorization, AARI is going to publish the 81 pieces of Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture here.

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Author Topic: 52, 中华, Zhonghua
caaausar

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Post 52, 中华, Zhonghua
on: November 30, 2015, 15:16
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中华, Zhonghua

“中华”是“中国”与“华夏”复合的简称。“华”同“花”,喻指文化灿烂。华夏的先民建国于黄河中下游,自认为居天下之中央,且又文化发达,所以称“中华”。随着华夏族为主体的多民族国家的不断扩张,凡所统辖之地,皆称中华。在近现代历史中,“中华”成为指称中国、中国人及中国文化的一种符号。

This term is an abbreviation of the compound word formed by Zhongguo(中国) and Huaxia(华夏). Here, hua(华) also means “flower” or “flowery”, which was used as an analogy for a splendid culture. The ancestors of the Huaxia people established their state in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, which they thought was the center (zhong) of the world and which had a flourishing culture(hua), so the state was called Zhonghua. This multi-ethnic state, with the Huaxia people as the predominant group of its population, later began its territorial expansions, and the places where it extended to became part of Zhonghua. In modern times, Zhonghua became a term denoting China, the Chinese people , and its culture.

例句 Examples:

中华者,中国也。亲被王教,自属中国,衣冠威仪,习俗孝悌,居身礼仪,故谓之中华。(《唐律名利疏议释义》)
(中华即中国。自身接受了王道教化,自然就属于中国了,穿衣戴帽有威仪,风俗讲究孝悌,立身处世追求礼仪,所以称之为中华。)
Zhonghua refers to China. Under the wise rule of the sage king, all his subjects belong to China. They are dressed in a dignified manner, practice filial piety, love and respect the elderly, and follow moral norms in personal and social conduct. This is the country called Zhonghua. (Commentary and Explanation on Well-Known Law Cases of the Tang Dynasty).

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