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中華思想文化術語81條 (古文今譯,中文英譯),是中國國家教育部推出的一項重點圖書工程。“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”(以下簡稱“工程”)的設立旨在梳理反映中國傳統文化特征和民族思維方式、體現中國核心價值的思想文化術語,用易于口頭表達、交流的簡練語言客觀准確地予以诠釋,在政府機構、社會組織、傳播媒體等對外交往活動中,傳播好中國聲音,講好中國故事,讓世界更多了解中國國情、曆史和文化(http://www.xinhuanet.com/book/zhuanti/zhsxwh/zt1.htm)。

“中華思想文化術語傳播工程”專家委員會及學術委員會,成員由哲學、文學、藝術、史學和海外漢學等學科領域具有國際影響力的知名專家學者擔任。 美國書畫藝術研究院顧問兼藝術評論委員會主任 于文濤先生作為專家委員會成員,參與了其英文終審工作。美國書畫藝術研究院 經授權在美國獨家發布(將陸續登出)

“Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture (81 pieces)” is an important Book Project disseminated by Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China. The setting of “Disseminating Key Concepts in Chinese Thoughts and Culture Project” aims to organize key concepts which can reflect the features of Chinese classical culture and the way of national thinking, and can perform Chinese core values, explain and translate objectively and accurately in concise language which is easy to exchange verbally. By this way, chinese voice and stories will be disseminated in international exchanges, that the condition and history of China will be known better by people in the world.

The specialists committee of the project consist of international well-known specialists and scholars. Senior adviser and Art Review Commission of America Arts Research Institute (AARI), Mr. Yu Wentao took part in the review for the final English version. With the authorization, AARI is going to publish the 81 pieces of Key Concepts in Chinese Thought and Culture here.


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Author Topic: 55, 自然, Ziran (Naturalness)
caaausar
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Post 55, 自然, Ziran (Naturalness)
on: November 30, 2015, 15:30
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自然, Ziran (Naturalness)

事物的本来状态,旨在与“认为”的意义相区别。哲学意义上的“自然”的概念,与常识性的“自然界”的概念不同。在日常语义中,“自然界”指人与社会之外的物质世界,这一领域是不受人为干扰的。但从哲学层面来看,人与社会也有其“自然”状态。在政治哲学领域,“自然”特指百姓在不受行政教化干预的情况下自己而然的状态。道家主张,君主治理国家应遵循、顺应百姓的“自然”状态。

The term refers to the primordial state of things, unaffected by the various meanings imposed on it by man. The concept of naturalness in philosophy is different from that of nature in the ordinary sense. In daily language, the term refers to the physical world, which is independent of human interference, as opposed to human society. In philosophy applies to the natural state enjoyed by ordinary people free from the intervention of government supervision and moral edification. Daoism holds that in governance a monarch should conform to the natural state of the people.

例句 Examples:

道法自然。(《老子·二十五章》)
(道以自然为法则。)
Dao takes naturalness as its law.(Laozi)

天地任自然,无为无造,万物自相治理。(王弼《老子注》)
(天地听任万物之自然,不施为造作,而让万物自己相互治理。)
Heaven and earth allow everything to follow their natural course without imposing any interference so that all things interact govern themselves. (Wang Bi: Annotations on Laozi)

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